The ultimate goal of the Chehalis Lead Entity is to help implement on-the-ground, community supported, salmon recovery projects in the Chehalis watershed.
We do this by developing, planning and prioritizing salmon restoration and preservation projects that follow the guidance of the Chehalis Basin Salmon Habitat Restoration and Preservation Strategy.
A primary role of the group is to help allocate state and federal salmon recovery (SRFB) funding. Because these grant monies are limited, a process is needed to identify the projects with the most benefits to salmon in the Chehalis system. The Chehalis Lead Entity is responsible for running that process.
Salmon recovery projects benefit more than just salmon. They protect agricultural lands, provide flood protection, fix roads, bridges and other infrastructure, and create tourism and recreational opportunities. Because projects are managed at a local level, they help bring money into the local communities.
From 2000 to 2016, salmon recovery projects have brought $15,700,000 of state and federal funds into the Chehalis Basin
Our Role in Washington's Salmon Recovery
When Washington’s salmon populations were listed under the Federal Endangered Species Act in the 1990s, state leaders decided they did not want the federal government telling them how to recover and protect these iconic Pacific Coast species. Instead, they proposed a bottom-up approach that let local communities to write their own recovery plans. In each major watershed across the state, communities have written recovery plans, which are now being implemented by Lead Entities.
In the Chehalis Basin, a group of citizens and local technical experts wrote this region’s salmon recovery plan and updated it in 2011. The plan is called “The Chehalis Basin Salmon Habitat Restoration and Preservation Strategy for WRIA 22 and 23.” The strategy lists seven ways that the threats to salmon can be reduced through on-the-ground habitat restoration projects.
Today, the Chehalis Lead Entity coordinates the work of hundreds of volunteers and professionals to implement the recovery plan in order to restore salmon to our rivers.
It takes a lot of different people working together to implement the Chehalis Basin’s salmon recovery plan. Many organizations in the Chehalis are working towards salmon recovery. The Lead Entity structure brings them together to decide on the most strategic way to take on salmon recovery in the Chehalis.
The work of the Chehalis Lead Entity is undertaken by members of dozens of stakeholders in salmon recovery in the Chehalis. These include: cities, counties, conservation districts, tribes and Indian Nations, non-governmental conservation organizations, land trusts, business interests, landowners, citizens, regional fish enhancement groups, as well as and state agencies.
Below is a diagram showing the organizational structure of our Lead Entity.
Habitat Work Group
The Habitat Work Group is the steering body for the Lead Entity. Throughout the year, they look for projects that will help meet goals for salmon recovery as outlined in the Chehalis Strategy. They look for sponsors who will undertake salmon recovery projects on the ground and coordinate review and ranking of projects that will be proposed for state funding.
In 2017, our Habitat Work Group includes representatives from:
|Lewis County Conservation District||Grays Harbor Conservation District|
|Mason Conservation District||Citizens of Thurston, Lewis and Grays Harbor Counties.|
|Quinault Indian Nation||Chehalis Tribe|
|Chehalis River Basin Land Trust||Wild Fish Conservancy|
|Chehalis Basin Fisheries Task Force||Creekside Conservancy|
|Lewis County||Thurston County|
|Chehalis River Council||Washington Department of Ecology|
|Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife||US Fish and Wildlife Service|
Local Review Team
Since evaluating the technical merit of each proposed salmon recovery project takes a lot of time, a smaller group is needed. The Local Review Team is a subcommittee appointed by the Habitat Work Group to carry out the work of reviewing and ranking projects proposed for salmon recovery funding. They look for projects with the highest benefits to salmon that best meet the goals of the Chehalis Salmon Strategy.
The Local Review Team can consist of representatives of counties, cities, state and federal agencies, conservation districts, tribes, environmental groups, business interests, landowners, citizens, volunteer groups, regional fish enhancement groups. Membership of the Local Review Team is not restricted to members of the Habitat Work Group.
Citizen Advisory Group
The Citizen Advisory Group is a subcommittee of the Habitat Work Group that focuses on integrating community values into salmon recovery. It consists of individuals representing diverse community social, cultural, and economic values.
The purpose of the Citizen Advisory Group is to ensure that the priorities and projects of the Habitat Work Group reflect the interests and values of the citizens within the watershed. Citizen Advisory Group members review the Lead Entity strategy and habitat project lists and make recommendations to the Habitat Work Group for appropriate action. The Citizen Advisory Group also makes recommendations to the Habitat Work Group regarding how to increase community support for implementation of habitat projects.
Membership on the Citizen Advisory Group is not restricted to members of the Habitat Work Group.
These citizens serve as the “eyes and ears” of the community by reviewing projects for their appropriateness in addressing community interests and concerns. If you’re interested in becoming a citizen advisory, please contact us!
Lead Entity Coordinator
The Lead Entity Coordinator is in charge of the day to day operations of the Lead Entity.
The Chehalis Watershed
The land and rivers the Chehalis Lead Entity works in include the main stem of the Chehalis River and all of its tributaries, as well as the smaller rivers flowing into Grays Harbor. The Chehalis River starts in the Willapa Hills near the city of Pe Ell, picks up water contributed from the slopes of the Olympic mountains, and then flows into the Grays Harbor Estuary and then on to the Pacific Ocean. Within 2,700 square miles there are over 3,300 miles of rivers and streams that support six anadromous salmonid species.
Unlike in other regions of Washington State, the salmon found in the Chehalis are not endangered.
There are eleven major tributaries to the Chehalis River. The land surrounding these tributaries is considered a separate “subbasin” of the Chehalis River. In the Salmon Recovery Plan, each subbasin has been reviewed and its unique needs for supporting salmon recovery have been identified.
The Habitat Work Group, along with expert consultations from conservation biologists, assigned each limiting factor within a subbasin to one of three “tier” concerns. “Tier 1” concerns are those most pressing issues in a subbasin that limit salmonid abundance, productivity, and diversity. The preference of the Lead Entity is that salmon recovery projects that address Tier 1 concerns are first in line for implementation due to their potential for providing the greatest benefit to fish. Tier 2 concerns are the next highest priority.
Subbasin Prioirty Limiting Factors
A summary of “tier 1 and tier 2” concerns by subbasin is provided below.
|Sub-Basin||Tier 1 Concern||Tier 2 Concern|
|Black River||Water Quality|
|Large Woody Debris
|Large Woody Debris
|Large Woody Debris
|Grays Harbor Estuary Management Unit||Water Quality|
Total Estuary Habitat Loss
Large Woody Debris
|Lincoln||Further divided by subwatershed|
|Newaukum||Further divided by subwatershed|
Large Woody Debris
|South Bay||Fish Passage|
|Large Woody Debris
Focus on The Newaukum
In 2014, Chehalis Basin Lead Entity initiated an update of its restoration strategy with the goal of providing more detailed assessment of limiting factors, data gaps, restoration targets and project lists. Given the size of the basin (the second largest in the state), the group opted to work through each of the watershed’s 13 subbasins. A subcommittee of the Lead Entity’s Habitat Work Group (HWG) completed an update for the Humptulips in late 2014, and the Newaukum was selected for the update in 2015.
In 2015, the Washington Coast Region advanced a “pilot watershed” approach to guiding restoration along all coast Lead Entity areas. The Region’s plan was to assist each Lead Entity with scientific assessment and bringing additional resources to bear on restoration. To demonstrate successes, the work would need to occur in smaller “pilot” areas and could then be replicated elsewhere. The Chehalis Lead Entity’s Habitat Work Group once again landed on the Newaukum for their selected watershed.
When the Fish Barrier Removal Board made the request for a Watershed Pathway to barrier removals in the Chehalis, it made sense to also choose the Newaukum in order to focus more resources there.
The group identified many benefits of attempting a comprehensive restoration program in the Newaukum: existing landowner involvement and approachability in key areas; relatively low number of barriers compared to the rest of the Chehalis; good habitat and water temperature conditions in tributaries; and research and monitoring work starting as part of the Chehalis Strategy.
Along with the above mentioned work, a variety of other projects have begun in the Newaukum. The Department of Ecology’s Watershed Assessment program chose the Newaukum for effectiveness monitoring (one of only about a dozen in the state), and its’ Nonpoint Pollution Reduction program will target this watershed in working with landowners to find non-regulatory solutions to reducing water quality pollution. The USFWS is conducting a lamprey use survey. The Wild Fish Conservancy is conducting a watertyping study for unmapped streams in the South Fork of the Newaukum. The Lewis County Conservation District has been working with landowners to identify bank erosion and protection projects. WDFW is conducting a number of other studies including a summer juvenile fish use. All of this work will generate new environmental data for the Newaukum and will lead to projects that will be more effective for having taken place in concert.
Newaukum Watershed Data Resources
Implementing watershed clean-up and restoration in a coordinated manner requires access to information about past and proposed projects, fish use, habitat conditions, water quality, and other data. Below is a list of data available for the Newaukum Watershed:
Department of Ecology Interactive Map: – Newaukum http://waecy.maps.arcgis.com/apps/MapSeries/index.html?appid=9c0d74db6713489d92528967ce2d6416
Habitat Work Schedule
Chehalis Basin Strategy Web map: http://gis.anchorqea.com/Chehalis_Basin_Strategy_ASRP/
LiDar is an image of the landscape taken from the air that reveals landscape forms. It is helpful in understanding river dynamics and habitat conditions. This link provides access to LiDar data in the Newaukm and throughout Washington State.
Wild Fish Conservancy GIS
Washington Coast Region
The Washington Coast Sustainable Salmon Plan outlines a way to achieve the vision of: All watersheds in the Washington Coast Region containing healthy, diverse and self-sustaining populations of salmon maintained by healthy habitats and ecosystems which also support the ecological, cultural, social and economic needs of human communities.
Wickett Dike Removal
This multi-phase project embodied process restoration through floodplain reconnection, restoration of hydrologic connectivity between and tributary and the mainstem, and passive habitat formation. The first phase of the project removed a 1.08 mile dike bordering the Chehalis River on 200 acres of agricultural lands purchased by the Chehalis Tribe. That work reconnected the Chehalis River with its floodplain. The second phase of the project corrected two barriers (a road and a failed culvert) that opened 14 miles of anadromous habitat upstream of the barriers and allowed flow back through a previously stagnant pool above the one of the barriers. The final phase of the project was planting the restored floodplain with a mix of native trees to help establish riparian buffer and to slow movement of water and large woody debris (LWD) during high water events.
The Wickett dike removal and barrier correction was completed by the Chehalis Tribe and Chehalis Basin Fisheries Enhancement Task Force between 2009 and 2010.
Delezenne Fish Passage Correction
Delezenne Creek, a tributary to the Chehalis in WRIA 22 is known habitat for coho and winter steelhead. A man-made dam had been blocking fish access to the upper 7 miles of the stream. Historically, the stream’s hydrology was altered when it was diverted from its original channel to accommodate a logging road and to create a lake for scouting activities. The project was made possible by a strong partnership of several different groups: a logging company, the scout group and Streamworks. The project, completed in 2015, involved installation of two bridges, circumventing the man-made dam and falls, adding large wood, and finally restoring water to a historic channel and oxbow that had been dry for 50 years.
Elliott Slough Acquisition
Healthy coastal wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems on the planet, comparable to rainforests and coral reefs. Wetlands are part of a diverse and complex set of ecosystems that are vital to Washington’s economy and an important part of our natural heritage (ECOconnect). Surge Plain wetlands, which consist of mature spruce forest and saltwater tide channels, are a rare ecosystem type.
Much of Elliott Slough is pristine surge plain wetland. About 500,000 shorebirds visit the area each year and it is home to several species of animals, including river otters, and black bears.
The Elliott Slough property was purchased for conservation because of its values, and because of threats. The area is well served for industrial uses – rail lines, highway, electrical service, water supply and water transport are all within a short distance. As the economy improves, this area could have attracted new or expanding industry and this land and its valuable fish habitat could have been severely degraded.
The Chehalis River Basin Land Trust was awarded $220,000 from the Salmon Recovery Funding Board to permanently protect 175 acres of high quality coastal surge plain and six miles of sloughs at the head of Grays Harbor. Funding was also obtained from a federal wetland program grant, USFWS, Quinault Indian Nation, and private sources. This acquisition is part of a larger effort to conserve the Chehalis River Surge Plain and is located next to the Chehalis River Surge Plain Natural Area Preserve and an Audubon Society Preserve.
Read more about this acquisition here: Elliott Slough to Become Protected Wetland (pdf)